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Blood Test Results: Your Guide to Understanding the Numbers

August 20, 2012 (Updated: January 4, 2018)
Leigh Erin Connealy, M.D.

If you’re like most of my patients, you’ve probably looked over the alphabet soup of acronyms and abbreviations in your blood test results and wondered what it all means. So to empower my readers, here is a simplified guide to understanding your blood test results. If you’re interested in playing a more active role in your medical care — something I strongly recommend — then I suggest you save this! The next time you have blood work done; you’ll be able to read the results like a pro!

Blood tests, sometimes called blood panels, are one of a physician’s most basic tools. Not that long ago, doctors diagnosed patients through observation and the patients’ answers to questions. Today, we have a wide range of testing options to choose from, with blood tests being among the most basic.

Blood tests allow a doctor to see a detailed analysis of any disease markers, the nutrients and waste products in your blood as well as how various organs (e.g., kidneys and liver) are functioning. Below, I’ve explained some of the commonly measured indicators of health.

During a physical examination, your doctor will often draw blood for chemistry and complete blood count (CBC) tests as well as a lipid profile, which measures cholesterol and related elements. Here is a brief explanation of the abbreviations used in measurements followed by descriptions of several common test components.

Deciphering Blood Test Measurements

Blood tests use the metric measurement system and abbreviations such as the following:

cmm cells per cubic millimeter

fL (femtoliter) fraction of one-millionth of a liter

g/dL grams per deciliter

IU/L international units per liter

mEq/L milliequivalent per liter

mg/dL milligrams per deciliter

mL milliliter

mmol/L millimoles per liter

ng/mL nanograms per milliliter

pg (picograms) one-trillionth of a gram

Chemistry Panel (or Metabolic Panel)

ALT (alanine aminotransferase)
Healthy range: 8 to 37 IU/L
This test looks at levels of the liver enzyme ALT. When all’s well with your liver, your score on this test should be within range. Anything higher may indicate liver damage.

Healthy range: 3.9 to 5.0 g/dL
A protein made by the liver, albumin levels can be an indicator of liver or kidney problems.

A/G ratio (albumin/globulin ratio) or total protein test
Healthy ratio: a bit over 1, favoring albumin
There are two types of protein your blood — albumin (see above) and globulin. The A/G ratio test compares levels of these proteins with one another. Elevated protein levels could indicate a health condition in need of attention.

Alkaline phosphatase
Healthy range: 44 to 147 IU/L
This enzyme is involved in both liver and bone, so elevations may indicate problems with the liver or bone-related disease.

AST (aspartate aminotransferase)
Healthy range: 10 to 34 IU/L
This enzyme is found in heart and liver tissue, so elevations suggest problems may be occurring in one or both of those areas.

Healthy range: 0.1 to 1.9 mg/dL
This provides information about liver and kidney functions, problems in bile ducts, and anemia.

BUN (blood urea nitrogen)
Healthy range: 10 to 20 mg/dL
This is another measure of kidney and liver functions. High values may indicate a problem with kidney function. A number of medications and a diet high in protein can also raise BUN levels.

BUN/creatinine ratio
Healthy ratio of BUN to creatinine: 10:1 to 20:1 (men and older individuals may be a bit higher)
This test shows if kidneys are eliminating waste properly. High levels of creatinine, a by-product of muscle contractions, are excreted through the kidneys and suggest reduced kidney function.

Healthy range: 9.0 to 10.5 mg/dL (the elderly typically score a bit lower)
Too much calcium in the bloodstream could indicate kidney problems; overly active thyroid or parathyroid glands; certain types of cancer, including lymphoma; problems with the pancreas; or a deficiency of vitamin D.

Healthy range: 98 to 106 mEq/L
This mineral is often measured as part of an electrolyte panel. A high-salt diet and/or certain medications are often responsible for elevations in chloride. Excess chloride may indicate an overly acidic environment in the body. It also could be a red flag for dehydration, multiple myeloma, kidney disorders, or adrenal gland dysfunction.

Healthy range: 0.5 to 1.1 mg/dL for women; 0.6 to 1.2 mg/dL for men (the elderly may be slightly lower)
The kidneys process this waste product, so elevations could indicate a problem with kidney function.

Fasting glucose (blood sugar)
Healthy range: 70 to 99 mg/dL for the average adult (the elderly tend to score higher even when they are healthy)
Blood sugar levels can be affected by food or beverages you have ingested recently, your current stress levels, medications you may be taking, and the time of day. The fasting blood sugar test is done after at least 6 hours without food or drink other than water.

Healthy range: 2.4 to 4.1 mg/dL
Phosphorus plays an important role in bone health and is related to calcium levels. Too much phosphorus could indicate a problem with kidneys or the parathyroid gland. Alcohol abuse, long-term antacid use, excessive intake of diuretics or vitamin D, and malnutrition can also elevate phosphorus levels.

Healthy range: 3.7 to 5.2 mEq/L
This mineral is essential for relaying nerve impulses, maintaining proper muscle functions, and regulating heartbeats. Diuretics, drugs that are often taken for high blood pressure, can cause low levels of potassium.

Healthy range: 135 to 145 mEq/L
Another member of the electrolyte family, the mineral sodium helps your body balance water levels and helps with nerve impulses and muscle contractions. Irregularities in sodium levels may indicate dehydration; disorders of the adrenal glands; excessive intake of salt, corticosteroids, or pain-relieving medications; or problems with the liver or kidneys.

Lipid Panel (or Lipid Profile)

The lipid panel is a collection of tests measuring different types of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in your bloodstream.

Total cholesterol
General rules (best to worst):

Healthy Below 200 mg/dL (below 5.18 mmol/L)

Borderline high 200 to 239 mg/dL (5.2 to 6.2 mmol/L)

High Above 240 mg/dL (above 6.2 mmol/L)

This test measures combined levels of both LDL (bad) and HDL (good) cholesterol. The test may be done simply to record an individual’s cholesterol levels or for comparison purposes (e.g., to determine if cholesterol-lowering medications or nutrients are working).

Healthy range: 40 to 160 mg/dL
These fats are found in the bloodstream and may contribute to heart disease and other health problems.

HDL (Good) cholesterol
General rules:

Best Above 60 mg/dL

Good 50 to 60 mg/dL

Poor Below 40 mg/dL for men; below 50 mg/dL for women

Also known as good cholesterol, HDL (high-density lipoprotein) protects against heart disease. Low scores are risk factors for heart disease.

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LDL (Bad) cholesterol
General rules (best to worst):

Optimal Below 100 mg/dL

Near optimal 100 to 129 mg/dL

Borderline high 130 to 159 mg/dL

High 160 to 189 mg/dL

Very high Above 189 mg/dL

Also known as bad cholesterol, LDL (low-density lipoprotein) is the substance that clogs arteries and is linked to heart disease.

Total cholesterol/HDL ratio
American Heart Association guidelines:

Optimal Ratio of 3.5 to 1

Healthy Ratio of 5 to 1 or lower

This ratio is another way of checking your risk of heart disease. It is determined by dividing your HDL cholesterol level into total cholesterol. But don’t worry about the math — the lab normally does the calculation, so your doctor will simply tell you what the ratio is.

Complete Blood Count (CBC)

The CBC test examines cellular elements in the blood, including red blood cells, various white blood cells, and platelets. Here is a list of the components that are normally measured, along with typical values. If your doctor says you’re fine but your tests results are somewhat different from the range shown here, don’t be alarmed. Some labs interpret test results a bit differently from others, so don’t consider these figures absolutes.

WBC (white blood cell) leukocyte count
Normal range: 4,300 to 10,800 cmm
White blood cells help fight infections, so a high white blood cell count could be helpful for identifying infections. It may also indicate leukemia, which can cause an increase in the number of white blood cells. On the other hand, too few white blood cells could be caused by certain medications or health disorders.

WBC (white blood cell) differential count
Normal range:

Neutrophils 40% to 60% of the total

Lymphocytes 20% to 40%

Monocytes 2% to 8%

Eosinophils 1% to 4%

Basophils 0.5% to 1%

This test measures the numbers, shapes, and sizes of various types of white blood cells listed above. The WBC differential count also shows if the numbers of different cells are in proper proportion to each other. Irregularities in this test could signal an infection, inflammation, autoimmune disorders, anemia, or other health concerns.

RBC (red blood cell) erythrocyte count
Normal range: 4.2 to 5.9 million cmm
We have millions of red blood cells in our bodies, and this test measures the number of RBCs in a specific amount of blood. It helps us determine the total number of RBCs and gives us an idea of their lifespan, but it does not indicate where problems originate. So if there are irregularities, other tests will be required.

Hematocrit (Hct)
Normal range: 45% to 52% for men; 37% to 48% for women
Useful for diagnosing anemia, this test determines how much of the total blood volume in the body consists of red blood cells.

Hemoglobin (Hgb)
Normal range: 13 to 18 g/dL for men; 12 to 16 g/dL for women
Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, which makes blood bright red. More importantly, hemoglobin delivers oxygen from the lungs to the entire body; then it returns to the lungs with carbon dioxide, which we exhale. Healthy hemoglobin levels vary by gender. Low levels of hemoglobin may indicate anemia.

Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
Normal range: 80 to 100 femtoliters
This test measures the average volume of red blood cells, or the average amount of space each red blood cell fills. Irregularities could indicate anemia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome.

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH)
Normal range: 27 to 32 picograms
This test measures the average amount of hemoglobin in the typical red blood cell. Results that are too high could signal anemia, while those too low may indicate a nutritional deficiency.

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)
Normal range: 28% to 36%
The MCHC test reports the average concentration of hemoglobin in a specific amount of red blood cells. Here again, we are looking for indications of anemia if the count is low, or possible nutritional deficiencies if it’s high.

Red cell distribution width (RDW or RCDW)
Normal range: 11% to 15%
With this test, we get an idea of the shape and size of red blood cells. In this case, “width” refers to a measurement of distribution, not the size of the cells. Liver disease, anemia, nutritional deficiencies, and a number of health conditions could cause high or low RDW results.

Platelet count
Normal range: 150,000 to 400,000 mL
Platelets are small portions of cells involved in blood clotting. Too many or too few platelets can affect clotting in different ways. The number of platelets may also indicate a health condition.

Mean Platelet Volume (MPV)
Normal range: 7.5 to 11.5 femtoliters
This test measures and calculates the average size of platelets. Higher MPVs mean the platelets are larger, which could put an individual at risk for a heart attack or stroke. Lower MPVs indicate smaller platelets, meaning the person is at risk for a bleeding disorder.

Additional Recommended Tests

While not part of the standard blood panel, I often order thyroid tests for my patients, especially if they report fatigue and weight gain, or weight loss and feelings of nervousness or hyperactivity. Some physicians dismiss borderline low or high tests, but I’ve found that these can be very helpful for identifying problems with the thyroid gland. Here are the ranges I look for in thyroid tests:

Test Normal Range

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) 0.3 to 3

Total T4 (total thyroxine) 4.5 to 12.5

Free T4 (free thyroxine) 0.7 to 2.0

Total T3 (total triiodothyronine) 80 to 220

Free T3 (free triiodothyronine) 2.3 to 4.2

If your test shows you are below the minimum numbers, you may be suffering from hypothyroidism, or low thyroid. If your scores are above the normal range, you may have an overly active thyroid, or hyperthyroidism. In either case, your physician can advise you on appropriate medication. You may also want to read my earlier newsletter on thyroid issues.

Vitamin D
Normal range: 30 to 74 ng/mL
Regular readers know I often recommend supplemental vitamin D, since deficiencies are very common. Too little vitamin D can put you at risk for broken bones, heart disease, cancer, and a host of other ailments. Our bodies can make vitamin D, but only when bare skin, free of sunblock and lotions, is exposed to sunlight. And even then, people of color and older individuals may not be able to manufacture sufficient quantities for optimal health. The best way to determine if you need supplements is to have a vitamin D test, known as 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Here again, doctors don’t always agree on how to interpret the results. My own preference is to see readings in the normal range.

There are quite a few more tests available, but the ones included here are among the most common.

To get accurate readings, be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions in preparing for tests. You may, for example, be asked not to eat and to drink only water for anywhere from a few hours to 12 hours beforehand. Please follow these instructions, or your results may be skewed, requiring additional tests or even unnecessary medications.

If you don’t understand something in your results, remember it’s okay to ask questions. Doctors are busy people, but you are entitled to the information. If your doctor can’t provide it, ask the nurse or physician’s assistant for help.

Knowing where you stand with these important parameters is essential for being proactive and owning your own health.

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  • Samuel L

    My blood work came back and says my mpv is 11.8. How concerned should i be.. Is there anyway to help my body regulate this?

  • Gina Marquez

    I had cancer in 2008. I haven’t castleman disease X2. for the fourth time I going to have to go through something so. My platelets are at 719 and my LDH is 198 higher then it was two months ago. My WBC is 19.7 Neutrophils absolute is 17.1 and Monocyte Absolute is 1.0 Can any one help.

  • Howaida Chiniara

    Please tell me if everything’s ok but the ALT is 95 and cholesterol is above the range. What’s that mean, what other test should we look at and what to do to lower it? Thanks

  • Tanya A Coto

    Can you help me understand this:

    High White Blood Cell Count: 13.4 thousand/uLFinal

    High Red Blood Cell Count: 5.53 million/uLFinal

    High hemoglobin: 17.0 g/dLFinal

    High Hematocrit: 49.1 %Final

    Normal Mcv: 88.8 fLFinal

    Normal Mch: 30.8 pgFinal

    Normal Mchc: 34.6 g/dLFinal

    High Rdw: 15.3 %Final

    Normal Platelet Count: 261 thousand/uLFinal

    High Absolute Neutrophils: 10331 cells/uLFinal

    Normal Absolute Lymphocytes: 2600 cells/uLFinal

    Normal Absolute Monocytes: 308 cells/uLFinal

    Normal Absolute Eosinophils: 121 cells/uLFinal

    Normal Absolute Basophils: 40 cells/uLFinal

    Normal Neutrophils: 77.1 %Final

    Normal Lymphocytes: 19.4 %Final

    Normal Monocytes: 2.3 %Final

    Normal Eosinophils: 0.9 %Final

    Normal Basophils: 0.3 %Final

  • zzi

    Hello, I was recommended blood test for Protein C and Protein S after a miscarriage. I got it done 2 days after the procedure. My results are Protein C – 95.8% and Protein S – 63%. Are these normal? I am asking since Protein S result is at the low end.

  • Abbey InOR

    I had my thyroid blood work done. One of the tests is ‘TPO’ what is this and what does it mean?

  • Suzy Fuchs

    what is NRBC .0 normal what about .7?

  • Twyla Thorn

    the doctor are send meto hemotology oncology, pulmonology and cardiology, In 2010 had a 4.9 mass likely infiltrate and then when I went to have it checked they noticed I had two six months later in surgery they removed only one lung when I actually had two masses possibly infiltrate in my lul/lll. When the surgeon was operating she cut into the mass so the dowsed me with doxycycline and saline. Now 5 years later gasping for air and spitting blood they are wanting me to see all three specialist

  • Twyla Thorn

    my lymph percentage is 39.5 % help

  • Audrey

    Is Mono% result 10.1 normal?

  • Silvercatz

    Does anyone answer questions on this site? I ask a series of questions a few days ago and no answers. I’ve noticed this with others questions.

  • fatima

    i received my blood test report back.
    HB 12.0
    PCV 39.7%
    RBC 5.05
    MCV 79.0
    MCH 23.8
    MCHC 30.2
    Neutrophils 58%
    Lymphocytes 38%
    Eosinophils 02%
    Monocytes 02%
    Platelets 293,000
    Westergren 05

    pls tell me is every thing ok according to this report ?

  • sandra solano

    I have RA and just got my lab results for the ESR my value was 33 the reference range is 0-15 what does this mean

  • Dr. Samina Mazhar

    My daughter age 18 has following
    MCH 26.1
    MCHC 32.4
    MPV 12
    %mono 10.7
    WBC 7.54
    RBC 5.0
    HGB 13.3

    I am very worried for her disturb blood chemistry please tell me about what can be concluded from it?

  • Silvercatz

    I had a cbc with diff./platelet and a metabolic panel for an EGD and Colonoscopy. I’ve noticed that the results were quite different from last year especially in 2 of them. Neutrophils in 2014 was 59 and this year 35. The lymphs 2014 was 27 and this year it’s 50. The EGD Showed wite spots in my esophagus and small intestines. What does all this mean and should I be concerned??

  • Linda Walsh

    plt 141-320k/cmm is this normal range?

  • disqus_jEIUO1YJ0g

    It’s BUN/Creatinine & is listed above in explanation of blood tests.

  • Randall Cosens

    Heart Attack! Still stuck on cholesterol as the main bad actor and not looking at elevated homocysteine levels, a proven killer of children with genetic inability to use
    specific B vitamins. Children as young as 10 and 12 dying of heart attacks with high levels of homocysteine, a necessary amino acid at low levels in the blood. In adults with high levels of homocysteine adding B-6, B-12 and folic acid dropped the levels to normal
    at a cost of pennies a day. A blood test for homocysteine should cost less than $40. The doctor discovering this was told to shut up and then fired from a major Medical University and blackballed when he refused. They had decided that Cholesterol was the problem and drugs were the answer and happened to be patentable and profitable , like finding firemen at fires and concluding they must be causing fires.

  • Edie cubby

    I just got my blood work and my AST is 111. And my ALT is 105. What does this mean

  • Nola

    What is the Anion Gap blood test?

  • “LOL”

    Dear doctor, what is this symbol means??
    Found it on my bloodtest results..please reply..

  • mary

    my platelets say alert, they are 91, should I check this out with my Dr.?

  • Douglas Osgood

    I have Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. Had it for 7 years now. Have read some work done on T-Cell Immunotherapy for Leukemia. Is this some thing I should look into. I got the CLL from over dose of Cat scan radiation.

  • sujith

    Can you help me with my complete blood count report ? Can anyone tell me what these results mean?

    WBC H 12.05×10^3/uL
    neutrophils H 73.0%
    Lymphocytes L 16.3%
    MCHC L 3.9g/dL

  • sujith

    Can you help me with my complete blood count report ? Can anyone tell me what these results mean?

    WBC H 12.05×10^3/uL

    neutrophils H 73.0%

    Lymphocytes L 16.3%

    MCHC L 3.9g/dL

  • sujith

    Can you help me with my complete blood count report ? Can anyone tell me what these results mean?

    WBC H 12.05×10^3/uL
    neutrophils H 73.0%
    Lymphocytes L 16.3%

    MCHC L 3.9g/dL

  • Linda Dickson

    What does CK stand for under Routine Chemistry II and should I be worried if it is high?

  • Loni Harris Jacks-Beckham

    Can’t find LY# Mine is low. What does that mean?

  • Gayle Gdovin

    Your figures are wrong!!!1

  • Nick Petros

    Platelet count of 140–explain please. NP

  • Blaine

    My wbc is very low , is there anything i can do to elevate numbers ?

  • Blaine

    my BUN number was elevated . Is there anything different I can do with diet ?

  • Rener

    What is the GGTGGT GGT test stand for? [I don’t see it listed] And how would the result of 45 stand?
    Thanks to all.

  • cat38

    My MCHC was low
    My ALT was high as was my RBC and Glucose
    I also have had two episodes of rectal bleeding and the stool test showed blood but Dr. Office said everything was normal?

  • Christina Gude

    What does B/CR 20.9 on my recent fasting blood panel mean…it says “normal” is 12.0 to 20.0 so mine is slightly “elevated” (?) whatever “it” is…can’t find the meaning of this abbreviation ANYWHERE???? All other results are w/in normal range, except this and in a word it’s freaking me out….

  • venunambiar

    calccium range in blod

  • tammi

    my toughts exactly Karen.

  • tammi

    JKaterina is correct actually you are all miss understanding what she is saying. yes hyper means over and hypo under but what she is pointing out is that it is stated by the ‘doctor’ underneath that if all levels are high you are hyper but this is not true of the tsh level… if you tsh level is above 3.8 it is a sign you are under active . Trust me I know mine was 196 and I am severly UNDER active and have been treated as so for 16 months. My daughter was told only yesterday that she is under active with a tsh of 8.76 also so please get your facts correct

  • Angelica Julia Cardona

    how do I figure out the actual number from of my wbc. It’s listed as 16.11 _X10^3

  • Abdelrahman Mohamed

    My blood test said my white blood cells are too fat what does this mean?

  • Arielle Mann

    If Dr Connealy is correct then you are saying that my Doctor who works at Beth Israel and went to Harvard Medical School that he is incorrect. Sorry don’t buy the article, nor the information.

  • Karen

    I hate to disagree on the thyroid but hyperthyroid and hypothyroid are backwards in your news letter. If you are hypothyroid your numbers will be high. If your hyperthyroid they will be low.

  • sandy

    I got 4.11 for RBC (normal is 4.20-5.40). Does that mean I’m anemic and should be taking iron tablets?

  • sandy

    My red blood count was 4.11 which is under the 4.20 range and my CHOL (cholesterol ?) was 214 which is above the low risk range of 200. Should I be worried? Do I need to be taking iron tablets for anemia? Everything else came back within the normal ranges. Thanks!!

  • countrygirl282

    what does a bun/creatinine ratio 11.3

  • George Lewis

    This has been most informative. Male 67, lived through 6 doctors, only the early ones would try to explain each medical detail. Have tried o read profiles for some time and this will help, thanks.

  • Nancy Littlejohn

    When reading results of blood tests what does the mean before the number

  • GLenna Lee

    What does the CHL test mean?? Is it for cholesterol? I can not find it on the internet at all. eeps

  • Niku

    My Hemoglobin A1c is 6.5. How does that relate to your “70 to 99 mg/dL for the average adult “?

  • Bev

    My daughter needs bloods doing x3 of loc: LOPD, con:SPE what does this mean please? xx

  • guestzzzzzzzzzz

    What are the normal levels of the blood test IGg4?

  • robert

    what should i do if my ast is 44 and my alt is 58

  • courtney

    This is what my med profile reads…..
    Result 10.9 fL

    Normal high 12.0 fL

    Normal Low 9.0 fL

  • courtney

    My MPV is 10.9 and Platelet count is 199. I’m a usually very healthy, except extremely fatigued, 28 year old. I can only read my own results and have not had them explained yet to me….but why do you say “why me”? I’m at around the same levels as you…lower platelets. What are you worried about?

  • courtney

    Can you help me with my results? The dr hasn’t gotten back to me, but they’re posted on my health profile.

    Low b12
    Hi direct bili
    Lo ALP
    Lo ALT
    Lo Sodium
    Lo Potassium
    Hi Chloride
    Lo Creatinine
    LO Calcium
    Lo RBC count
    Slight hi WBC count (within upper range)
    Lo Hemoglobin
    Lo hematocrit
    Hi RDW
    Lo Platelet
    BUN on the highest edge of normal

  • courtney

    You are incorrect, JKaterina…. HYPER, as in OVERACTIVE, means levels are high. HYPO (meaning UNDER) means levels are low.
    Perhaps using your brain before using your attitude would be helpful. “I don’t mean to be rude…” is usually the start of “Don’t think I’m mean, but I’m about to say something mean…” But I can speak your language….I would be concerned if YOU were a doctor. This IS so basic!!!
    I don’t mean to be rude…but you’re not that smart.

  • ronald

    what does GLU and RDW mean in a blood report both of mine was high

  • di_1954

    What is Cystatin C? It says mine is high with a 1.29 mg/L with range of 0.50 – 1.03

  • Stephanie DeGiovanni

    Elevated lipase in an adult is a result indicative of pancreatitis.

  • Stephanie DeGiovanni

    I do not believe they put that on everyones results.

  • Stephanie DeGiovanni

    Ranges differ depending on patient population. It is nothing to be worried about if the ranges vary a little.

  • Stephanie DeGiovanni

    If they are at the end of the range and still within the range then it is not abnormal. If the results are below the range then a look at your medical history would be done.

  • Stephanie DeGiovanni

    C-reactive Protein (CRP) is a test used to screen for cardiovascular disease.

  • krisin

    My blood test shows my levels and the ranges but then it shows the levels and ranges of someone who has CKD do they put those on everyones or just if u have CKD

  • Eric Mangin

    my total bilirubin was 1.4 which is ok per your chart. MY VA says its high. What should I do?

  • LadyBlue

    Did Blood Test today, I was able to get information on all the test that was done. The article was helpful.

  • Gayle

    What does an elevated lipase mean

  • unluckyirishlass

    I’m sorry but YOU are the one who is incorrect! Hyper means high or over, for example HYPERactive is OVERactive, and HYPO is low or under. Before you question whether someone is lying about their credentials you really should research your opinions first. I believe you owe her an apology.

  • Bahaddin Ahmad

    Hello Sally , Bahaaddin is talking about your result, every result you have , its normal status but you should be take care about your self , and your should be eat healthy food.

  • Agnes Kehr

    What is ra latex turbid….sed rate …rea tive protein

  • iogle

    Beware of the stated “Normal Range” for cholesterol. The maximum
    acceptable number for total cholesterol was 300 mg/dL. Now it’s
    200?!?!?! Every time that number is lowered, the drug industry makes
    many billions of dollars – at YOUR EXPENSE – both in money and in
    health. Your M.D. (who is married to Big Pharma) will not only
    immediately prescribe a drug (usually a statin), but it will probably be
    a brand name! And beware of “combination therapy”! If the first drug
    “doesn’t work”, try another one and take them both together. Now they’ve
    sold you TWO drugs! BEWARE! If you don’t believe me, find out for
    yourself. And don’t ask your doctor! Go to a naturopath!

  • Nicki

    Is your explanation of the MCH round the wrong way? Should it read that “low may indicate anaemia and high may indicate nutritional deficiency” ??

  • Christopher Evans

    I am living in Austria, so to read the blood test in German can be a bit more difficult.
    I have been treated for Rhuma/Arthritis. for the last 2 plus years with no real positive affect, I have been asking for checks on Lymes since found a few ticks over the space of time ion the skin. The results were a bit boarder line, even had the spinal canal test neg 18mths ago. But the pain kept on increasing nothing controlled it.
    Then after the last infusion treatment seemed to improve for a month, then the pain came back and in September last year found another tick in my right wrist, then started losing the use of the right hand, the pain was so high no one could explain, then again had another Lymes test positive and had hit the nerve system. well 1 month normal antibiotics Nov. Great pain dropped then after Christmas came back with revenge, i had to fight with the Doctors saying this is the Lymes back, they all stated after 1month treatment there is no Lyme (Boriosis) here, my own Doctor would not repeat treatment, I went to my specialist on Rhuma he said unlikely not willing to repeat another antibiotic I explained my theory hat the treatment for rhuma had lowered the immune system so low that this had a very hard hold. After a while he said OK I will give you treatment for a month but another antibiotic that does not affect Rhuma as the last may have done, So ended up having Biocef 200 2X daily (Cefpodoxim) after a month the pain had dropped a bit on the arm and in other parts of the body including the colon, spine, and now going into the 3rd Month my wrist I can use again and now can type again and live a normal life.
    But for the different blood tests from my Rhuma Dr’s Lab can not make sense of the blood tests, the other labs seem easy but this one is hard even my G.P. has a problem, could I scan it to you my Rhuma doctor says keep on taking the Antibiotics and my G.P, is not sure I should. I am also taking teasel which I think has helped as well as Echinaceae to boast the immune system. This has been a long fight with blood test and spinal tests not showing the Boriousis bacterium.

  • Fred Wittig

    My wife is dying of no tumor brain cancer by 2 MD’s and an oncologist, yet her blood tests at two different clinics show she is healthy. Is there a better test?

  • chris

    how do you know if you have to much Tylenol in your system. what liver test would be checked.

  • emme noname

    I had my CBC repeated in January because the MPV in September was 10.9. Normal is up to 10.4. Once again the MPV was 10.9. Platelet count this time was 211. It was near that in September also. This time at my request she did a CBC with differential. The differential part of the test and the entire test was perfect. All but the MPV at 10.9.
    Even though the doctor says that I am fine, I am obsessed with this and keep googling and googling.
    My husband had a horrible death from myelodysplastic syndrome in 2011. He acquired this from chemo for CML. I am afraid of this.
    My sister (an RN) thinks my problems are all in my head. That I have a fear of getting a blood cancer.
    I don’t want to go to an oncologist/hematologist. I want to believe my doctor.
    Why am I releasing my platelets into the population too soon? My am I doing this?
    Other people aren’t. Why ME?

  • Darcy Norris

    Can using medical marijuana cause a high ALT number? Mine was 61U/L..i don”t drink alcohol or take Tylenol but I DO use cannabis for pain and anxiety. Thanks!

  • malak

    i think it means lymphocytes monocytes and granulocytes which are types of white blood cells

  • healthtony

    Actually Dr. Connealy’s information is correct in the article above. If you would like more information about hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism see this article.

  • JKaterina

    The thyroid information you posted is backwards. Correct = If levels are low, you are hyperthyroid. If levels are high you are hypothyroid. I don’t mean to be rude, but this is so basic – I really am concerned you aren’t a doctor.

  • Sally

    I have had blood tests for fatigue amongst some other symptoms….my results are: rbc 3.96 (range 3.8 – 5.8), haemoglobin 130 (range 115 – 165), haematocrit 0.36 (range 0.37 – 0.47), MCV 91.9 (range 76 – 100), MCH 32.7 (range 27 – 32), MCHC 356 (range 320 – 360), red blood cell distribution width 12.3 (range 11.5 – 14.5). I haven’t been back to my doctor yet to discuss. Can anyone tell me what these results mean?

  • Rhonda Wiens

    can you please tell me what this means? my blood work was flagged in 2 areas. Hematology – MCV was 101. Also- Differentials Eosinophils was o.8 needing to know! thanks

  • ub

    Thanks Matt 🙂 that’s really helpful .

  • Matt

    Ok. just to help a little. the numbers inside the ( parentheses ) are the normal range. and then also the mean grater then and less then like in math class. So I hope that help.. I’m not a medical professional but I can see that most of those are in the normal range. you can look at each one indivdually and check like your HCT: 0.39 L/L ( 0.35 – 0.46 ) so .39 is in between the normal range.

  • ub

    please help…….I really hope to find out what this all means
    Glucose: 5.3 mmol/L ( 3.5 – 7.7 )
    guess that’s normal?????
    Observation date: 30-Sep-2013

    30 Sep 2013, Liver Function Tests
    Total Bilirubin: 7 umol/L ( < 25 )
    Alk. Phosphatase: 74 U/L ( 40 – 100 )
    GGT: 25 U/L ( < 50 )
    ALT: 25 U/L ( 7.0 )
    Comment: Borderline range B12 110 – 170
    Borderline range Folate 7.0 – 10.0 **** what does that mean????

    30 Sep 2013, Iron Studies
    Ferritin: 64 ug/L ( 20 – 380 ) ????is that good?????
    Ordered by:
    Laboratory: labtests
    Observation date: 30-Sep-2013

    30 Sep 2013, Renal Function Tests
    Sodium: 142 mmol/L ( 135 – 145 )
    Potassium: 4.2 mmol/L ( 3.5 – 5.2 )
    Creatinine: 65 umol/L ( 45 – 90 )
    eGFR: > 90 mL/min/1.73m2 ( > 90 )
    Ordered by: ***** and what does that all mean???

    30 Sep 2013, Complete Blood Count
    Haemoglobin: 130 g/L ( 115 – 155 )
    RBC: 4.55 x10e12/L ( 3.60 – 5.60 )
    HCT: 0.39 L/L ( 0.35 – 0.46 )
    MCV: 87 fL ( 80 – 99 )
    MCH: 28.6 pg ( 27.0 – 33.0 )
    Platelets: 223 x10e9/L ( 150 – 400 )
    WBC: 7.0 x10e9/L ( 4.0 – 11.0 )
    Neutrophils: 4.42 x10e9/L ( 1.90 – 7.50 )
    Lymphocytes: 1.98 x10e9/L ( 1.00 – 4.00 )
    Monocytes: 0.40 x10e9/L ( 0.20 – 1.00 )
    Eosinophils: 0.22 x10e9/L ( < 0.51 )
    Basophils: 0.02 x10e9/L ( 0.00 – 0.20 )
    again??????? is this good?????

  • Carla Padgett-Morris

    PRB is Packed Red Blood cells. Usually associated as a treatment for people who have low red blood cell counts.

  • nonie57

    what does the “LDL Density” mean if it is “abnormal”

  • michelle

    my blood test said my white blood cells are too fat what does this mean?

  • Flo O’Bannon Jewelcentenial191

    My lab tests have shown (H) MPV (H)CREATINE (H) FERATIN (H) RED BLOOD CELL count for 2 years. I have a new medical provider . When these labs came back high last month nothing was said at my last appointment. Should I let my new Dr know the length of time the levels have been high and request specific tests.

  • John Isreal

    meaning for prb in blood report

  • Machelle Lund

    I just received my lab results today and all of my numbers looked great. Only issues were my good cholesterol which was too low and my platelet count was lower than it should have been. Should I be worried? Could the platelet count have been a lab error?

  • Tammy Morrow

    this way very helpful. no one explained any of these with me and I have been looking at these two sheets of paper feeling lose and reading this helped me so much. Thank You

  • Jon B

    Thank you posting this, it was very helpful in reviewing my results beyond the doctor’s “everything is fine.”

  • Anne Nero

    What is:

  • Susan Baker-Haynes

    Hematocrit is H, MCHC is L, Neutrophils is L, Monocytes is H, Monocytes# is H, Urea Nitrogen is H, Bacteria is 1+. I have flu like symptoms, body aches, kidney’s hurt, low grade fevers. Thyroids fluctuate but they forgot to run tests for that. Low grade fevers off and on.

  • Tammy

    is an Aldosterone LCMS, serum test the same as Venipunct, Hepatic, metabolic panel and a lipid panel?

  • Carol Hatch

    My husband just got an elevated CRP, what in the world does that mean??

  • anna olsen

    I am flummoxed in reading the results, not even understanding, on recent blooodwork up that was supposed to be a hormone panel. Can you guide me?

  • PonderThis2

    Everyone offers possible disorders if #s are elevated. What if everything is low? Ok, not r everything, but suppose all of the following are at or below the lowest end of range?
    Potassium (fluctuating 3.0-4.2)
    A/G Ratio (.82:1.1)
    Tot Bilirubin
    Alk Phosphate

    I cannot seem to find any answers for this phenomenon.

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